Agriculture in India is heavily reliant on nature, yet climate change and global warming make farming uncertain. Farmers must be educated on using contemporary technologies and innovative ways to boost productivity and profitability.
Agriculture innovation is driving an evolution in agricultural techniques, reducing losses and increasing efficiency. Farmers are benefiting from this. The use of digital and analytic tools is driving continual improvement in agriculture, along with machine learning online courses are in trend and are here to stay, resulting in higher crop yields and helping farmers earn more money.
Technology’s Importance in Agribusiness
Agriculture technology impacts many aspects of agriculture, including fertilizers, herbicides, seed technology, and so on. Pest resistance and improved crop yields have been achieved due to biotechnology and genetic engineering. Mechanization has resulted in more effective tilling and harvesting and a reduction in physical work. Irrigation and transportation networks have improved, processing machinery has reduced waste, and all regions can see the impact. Robotics, precision agriculture, artificial intelligence, blockchain technology, and other emerging technologies are explored.
Agriculture has benefited from the following technical advancements:
- Agriculture mechanization has increased production.
Combine harvesters are increasingly used to eliminate manual work and speed up procedures. Indian farming is distinguished by small landholdings, necessitating collaboration with others to benefit from modern machinery.
- Climate/weather forecasting using artificial intelligence.
The use of artificial intelligence in agriculture is a significant advancement. AI-powered modern equipment and tools enable data collection and aid in precision farming and informed decision-making. Drones, remote sensors, and satellites collect data on weather patterns in and around fields 24 hours a day, seven days a week, providing farmers with critical information on temperature, rainfall, soil, humidity, etc.
- Development of resilient crops.
Agriculture refers to a diverse set of procedures that includes traditional breeding methods, genetic engineering, and the production of agricultural microbes. In general, genetic engineering employs an understanding of DNA to find and manipulate genes to increase crop resistance to pests, and the production of high-yielding variants also benefits animals. Though some contentious tactics have led to resistance to biotechnology adoption, there is little doubt that the future of agriculture is significantly reliant on SAFE biotechnology, given the changing environment and population growth.
- Improve farm productivity and supply chain management.
The collecting and compilation of data and its subsequent processing to make it worthwhile for decision-making/problem-solving are broadening the scope of big data. Big data is expected to play a significant role in smart farming, with the benefits spreading throughout the supply chain and markets. Agriculture is getting more complex, influenced by a wide range of factors.
Technology can help governments save foreign exchange, increase productivity, and improve the general standard of farming communities. India has a long way to go in adopting contemporary farming practices via technology. The pace is modest, and pioneering efforts are needed to educate farmers about the benefits of technology. Transcending the barriers of antiquated farming practices and medieval attitudes is the task that must be met to create a better tomorrow. Agriculture technology can lead India to be “Atmanirbhar Bharat” in all aspects, with less reliance on external influences. Click here to get more information on the best courses for CSE students.